Case Report: Awake Craniotomy During Pregnancy for Resection of Glioblastoma

Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery Manuscript
Authors Arun Gunasekaran, Kyle D.Kulbarsh, Arabinda Das, Christina Voelkel-Johnson, Sunil J.Patel, Scott Lindhorst, Milad Yazdani, Jessica Barley, Nathan C. Rowland

Few cases have been reported of the diagnosis and treatment of glioblastoma (GB) during pregnancy. Subsequently, surgical, medical, and obstetrical management of complicated primary central nervous system malignancy in antepartum and postpartum patients remains under-investigated. The authors report the case of a 24-year-old female patient who developed generalized tonic-clonic seizures and focal neurologic deficits. MRI imaging (3T Skyra, Siemens, Erlangen, Germany) revealed an intracranial mass suspicious for malignant tumor and surgical resection under awake sedation was scheduled. The patient was incidentally found to be in her first trimester of pregnancy. Using neuronavigation, neurophysiologic monitoring, and conscious sedation the tumor was debulked successfully and histopathologic analysis confirmed giant cell glioblastoma, WHO Grade IV, 1p/19q intact, IDH wild-type, with NF1 p.Y2285fs and RB1 p.S318fs somatic mutations. Post-surgical oncologic management continued with fractioned radiotherapy and use of the Optune device. The patient underwent uncomplicated cesarean section at 34-weeks gestation, the child remains healthy and the patient remains disease-disease free at 1-year. Thus, this case presents an approach to management of complicated GBM during first trimester pregnancy.