Concordance and Use Patterns of Tissue and Cell-Free Based Genomic Testing in Metastatic Breast Cancer

San Antonio Breast Cancer Symposium 2020 Presentation
Authors Minetta Liu, Jeff Schaffer, Aneta Piwowarczyk, Nike Beaubier, Kimberly Blackwell, and Ben Park

Genomic testing has transformed clinical care in metastatic breast cancer. Cell-free DNA (cfDNA) has made sequential testing feasible, however, concordance between tissue and cfDNA, sensitivity of cfDNA, and optimal sampling frequency have not been examined on large data sets with clinical annotation. Of the 648 genes in the tissue NGS Tempus xT assay, 105 genes are also included in the Tempus xF cfDNA plasma-based test. Both platforms are run on Illumina and detect SNVs, indels, CNVs, and rearrangements/fusions with high sensitivity and specificity (>90%). This study used the Tempus Labs LENS™ tool to identify the most recent ~3,300 metastatic breast cancer patients who underwent clinical testing and had either tissue-based testing, cfDNA testing or both. Of the 212 patients with xF and xT testing, 87 had xT before xF, 135 had xF before xT, and 7 had the testing performed at the same time. The most common pathogenic germline versus somatic alterations on tissue-based testing and their concordance will also be reported. In summary, this data suggests a variable amount of concordance between tissue-based and plasma-based assays. Timing of assay performance and inclusion of germline DNA might play an important role in contributing to these differences which need further exploration.